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How to Convert a JPG to PDF on Windows 10

Screenshots and images downloaded from the web are usually saved as JPG or PNG files. Sometimes, you might need to convert these files to PDF format. Here’s how to do that in Windows 10 with the built-in Photos app.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Marshall Gunnell

How to clean and organize your PC

Outside of your phone, your PC is likely the one piece of technology you use the most. If for no other reason than that, you should take care of it. Not only will it last for longer, but it will also work better over the time that you keep it. In this how-to, we’ll share some tips on how to take care of your PC. Of course, it’s impossible to cover this topic from every angle, so think of this guide as an introduction more than anything else.

How to clean your computer and peripherals

Back to School cleaning products

Will Lipman Photography for Engadget

Windows PCs, especially desktops, come in various shapes and sizes, but the tips we’re about to go through here will help you clean your computer whether you bought it prebuilt or put together yourself. If you own a laptop, look at our recent Mac organization guide. All the steps we detail there will work just as well for a Windows portable.

Before cleaning the inside of your computer, start with your display and peripherals. At this stage, all you’ll need is some distilled water in a spray bottle and a microfiber cloth. You can buy the former at a grocery store or make it yourself. And if you don’t already own any microfiber cloths, Amazon sells affordable 24-packs you can get for about $15. Once you have those in hand, spray the water onto a clean cloth and wipe down your computer’s display before moving to the mouse and keyboard. You want to start with your screen to avoid transferring dirt and residue to the panel.

It’s possible to write an entirely separate guide on how to clean keyboards, but the short version is you’ll want to pick up a keycap puller and use that to give you unobstructed access to any debris and gunk that has been building up under your keys. If the keycaps have a lot of dirt and residue on them, your best option is to soak them in warm water and use a toothbrush to scrub away the buildup. Give them plenty of time to dry before reinstalling them on your keyboard.

Back to School cleaning products

Will Lipman Photography for Engadget

Once you’re done with those, turn off your PC and unplug everything that’s connected to it. You’ll also want to switch off the power supply unit (PSU) by flipping the toggle on its outside to the “O” position. Next, push down on the power button a couple of times to discharge any static electricity that you might be carrying around.

If at all possible, do most of the steps we’re about to describe outside. The last thing you want to do is go through the trouble of cleaning your computer and then let it pull in all that dust again.

Once you’ve moved your computer, start by removing the side panels. Most modern cases allow you to do this without any tools, but you’ll need at least one screwdriver for most of the work we’ll detail in a moment. When it comes to most screws inside your computer, a 4-inch Phillips screwdriver should be all you need. Some components, such as your GPU, may include Torx screws and the like, but don’t worry about those for now since we won’t be taking them apart. If you don’t already own a decent set of screwdrivers and have something of a DIY streak in you, a driver kit from iFixit is your best bet. The 16, 32 and 62-bit kits it sells are an excellent starting point, and they’ll come in handy with more than just your computer.

If your PC has any dust filters, remove those now and give them a rinse at the sink before setting them aside to dry. Depending on how long your computer has been collecting dust, you may want to remove some components such as the GPU to make it easier to clean everything. If that’s something you feel comfortable doing and it’s your first time removing any of the internals, use your phone to take photos of the interior. The images will help you put all the parts in their original place at the end. That’s important to do since there’s an optimal way to install many of the components in your computer. For instance, you always want to install your GPU in the fastest available PCIe lane. When it comes to removing any PCI cards, first unscrew its mounting bracket and then push the corresponding release on your motherboard before pulling the card out.

Back to School cleaning products

Will Lipman Photography for Engadget

Whether you decide to keep all your computer’s internals in place or not, you’ll need something to blow all that dust away. A can of compressed air is one option, but I like to use a Giottos Rocket Blower. It was designed for cleaning camera sensors and won’t damage any of your components. It’s also a one-time purchase. Whatever you have at hand, use it to blow away the dust that’s been building up on your computer’s internal components, fans and grills. Pay special attention to the heatsinks attached to your PC’s CPU, GPU, chipset and voltage regulators. They will likely have most of the hardest to remove dust in your system thanks to their tight fin stacks. What’s more, especially bad buildup can make them ineffective at cooling those components, which will, in turn, affect their performance.

When cleaning any exposed PCB, use an antistatic brush (like this one from OXO) instead of a microfiber cloth. You’ll avoid damaging any of the sensitive components on the board. You can go over any non-electronic part with a dampened microfiber cloth.

At this point, all you need to do is put everything back in its place. As one final tip, if there’s any way you can avoid leaving your desktop on the floor, you’ll end up spending less time cleaning it since it won’t be near all the dust and dander that collects there. If your desk setup or living space makes that not an option, a PC tower stand is a cheap but effective way to elevate your computer off the ground and help it pull in less debris.

How to organize your PC’s storage drives



If it’s been a while since you’ve done an audit of all the software you have installed on your computer, the best place to start is in the Task Manager. It’s here you can see how much of its resources your computer is devoting to specific processes. Since everyone will have different software installed on their PC, it’s hard to offer blanket recommendations, but using the Task Manager you can get a sense of the apps that may be slowing down your computer. For most people, there will be two main culprits: bloatware and antivirus software.

If you bought your PC from a system integrator like Dell, it will almost certainly include software your computer doesn’t need to operate. So you can safely uninstall those apps to improve performance and save on space.

This next tip may be contentious for some, but I believe as long as you avoid clicking on sketchy links and stay away from the dark corners of the internet, Windows Defender is all you need to protect your computer from the majority of malware that’s out there. While there are good antivirus programs like Bitdefender and Malwarebytes, the majority cost far too much for what they offer and will only slow down your computer. If you don’t feel comfortable uninstalling your antivirus software, then by all means, leave it on your computer.

While you’re in the task manager, you’ll also want to click on the “Startup” tab to see what programs your computer is launching when you power it on. You can speed up that process simply by limiting that list to as few apps as possible. As for the actual process of deleting any software you don’t need, always uninstall programs from the Control Panel as this will leave the fewest leftovers when everything is said and done. If you’ve used Windows for a while, you’ll have errant files, folders and registry entries all over the place. It’s possible to cull those manually, but doing so can be time-consuming. So we recommend using a program like Iolo System Mechanic or CleanMy PC to complete a deep clean of your system.

If you have any mechanical drives installed in your computer, it’s good to get into the habit of defragging them regularly. First, launch the built-in Defragment and Optimize Drives app and click the “Optimize” button. Depending on the size of your hard drive, this process may take a while. Don’t defrag your SSDs, as you’ll only shorten their lifespan for little to no performance improvement.

How to organize your apps, tabs and other windows

Melbourne, Australia - Jun 13, 2016: Clicking the Windows Store icon on Surface Pro 4. It is an app store for Microsoft Windows, allowing users to download apps, ,games, music, movies and TV shows.

ymgerman via Getty Images

Say what you will about Windows 10, but the fact is it comes with some of the best window management tools built right into an operating system. You don’t need to download any additional software to organize your desktop, but there are some settings you can tweak to get even more out of its signature Snap functionality.

As you may already know, you can press the Windows and Tab keys at the same time to bring up the Task View pane. It’s here that you can add additional virtual desktops. If you’re not already using virtual desktops, they’re great for organizing your active windows so that you don’t have to constantly rearrange them when you’re trying to find a specific one. You can quickly press the Windows key, Ctrl and either the left or right arrow keys to move between desktops. But to make things even simpler, head to the Settings app and into the Multitasking section of the System menu. Under the “Virtual desktops” heading, switch both settings to “All desktops.” You can now use the Alt-Tab shortcut or taskbar to switch to any app on any desktop.

When it comes to wrangling your tabs, a lot of that will depend on the browser you use. But as a decent starting point, all the most popular ones include a feature that allows you to pin tabs. I use this to keep the websites I visit most frequently throughout a workday (in my case, Gmail, Trello and Google Drive) open at all times and at the top of my tab bar. In that way, those tabs never get lost among the countless other websites I might have open for a story I’m writing. What’s more, in the case of Brave, the browser I use, I can use a handful of keyboard shortcuts to jump to those tabs quickly.

In closing, we want to highlight just how much customization Windows 10 offers you when it comes to the organization of your computer. As just one example, you can right-click on items located on the taskbar and start menu to put the apps and shortcuts you use most frequently within easy reach. However, if you want to really dig into all the options Windows 10 offers on that front, websites like Windows Central have detailed how-tos that are an excellent starting point.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Igor Bonifacic

NASA Captures Spooky Photo of the Moon’s Shadow on Earth During an Eclipse


Earthlings were privy to an exciting astronomical event last month: an annular solar eclipse, which cast a lunar shadow across the Arctic Circle. Today NASA shared an image of that shadow, taken by the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) aboard NOAA’s Deep Space Climate Observatory nearly a million miles from…

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Isaac Schultz

How to Shoot Real Estate Videos

Trying to sell your house in a competitive market can feel like an uphill battle. Shooting a video can help set you apart from the crowd and give potential buyers an inside look into your beautiful home! This article addresses the common questions that come up when shooting a real estate video. Whether you’re wondering what camera techniques to use or where to post the video once it’s all said and done, this article is here to help! You’ll know all the tricks of a professional real estate videographer in no time.


[Edit]What should you include in a real estate video?

  1. Aim to get a shot of every room in the house, from multiple angles. Viewers will want to see everything that your house has to offer, including detailed shots of each room. Even the basement, garage, or extra storage spaces will need some attention, as those can be a great selling point to prospective buyers! Get a shot of each room from a variety of different viewpoints and angles. For example, shoot the room from the doorway and each corner of the room. This will really help you find the best shot later on in the editing process![1]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • If you’ve never been to the home before, it’s a good idea to visit ahead of time to plan out the shots you want to take. Even a pre-shoot video call with the client an be very helpful.[2]
  2. Focus on the highlights and unique amenities of your home. If you’ve got a brand new gas range stove or a recently renovated bathroom sink, don’t be afraid to show it off! Your real estate video is the perfect opportunity to show viewers what makes your home worth buying, and those smaller details can actually win you some major points in terms of potential buyers.[3]
  3. Include shots of the house’s exterior as well. Though the inside of the home is important to buyers, they will also want to see how your house looks on the outside, including shots of your yard and surrounding neighborhood.[4]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 3 Version 2.jpg
  4. Throw in a few shots of the city you live in! If you’re feeling creative, you’re more than welcome to add a few shots of neighboring parks, restaurants, and shops close to your home. This will add some vibrancy and life to your video and may pique your viewer’s interest even more.[5]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 4.jpg

[Edit]What kind of video camera should you use?

  1. Use your smartphone camera to shoot your video. You won’t need a whole film crew to make a professional-looking real estate video! Smartphones are equipped with video cameras that can give you quality footage.[6]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 5 Version 2.jpg
  2. Use a DSLR camera for a versatile and affordable option. A DSLR camera can be used for photography as well as video. They come in affordable models and are a great choice for beginner videographers.[7]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 6 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]What shooting techniques should I use when filming a real estate video?

  1. Begin each scene with an establishing shot. The establishing shot is the first shot of a video or scene. It lets your viewer know what the scene will be about. Make your establishing shot a beautiful view of your home from the outside![8] Get creative by opening the shot with a nearby tree or flower in your front yard and slowly panning to your home. When talking to filmmakers, this would be what’s called utilizing the foreground.[9]
    • Use a parallax shooting technique to bring movement to your video. Walking slowly through your home as you shoot, steadily pan your camera to the side. For example, walk slowly into your living room and pan to the fireplace at the side of the room. This shooting technique helps your video flow seamlessly and provides movement that is pleasing to the eye.[10]
    • Use slow motion on your camera to make specific features of your home stand out. Let’s say you want to showcase the brand new, renovated sink in your kitchen. Walk your camera at a steady pace into the kitchen and slow your video down by 50% as you approach the sink. This will help your viewers get a closer look at the features you want to show off![11]

[Edit]What time of day should you shoot the video?

  1. Shoot your video during golden hour. Golden hour describes the first hour after sunrise and the last hour before sunset. During this time, the sun is between 6 degrees below and 6 degrees above the horizon.[12] It is perfect for film, as the sun’s glow is warm and soft at this hour. You don’t want your Oscar-worthy shots to be ruined by the sun’s glare![13]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 8 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]How long should the video be?

  1. Keep your video around 3 minutes in length. To hold the interest of your viewers, it’s best to keep your video brief. A standard real estate video is usually about 3 minutes in length. Make every shot count by showcasing the best features of each room in your home.[14]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 9.jpg
  2. Make your video a little longer if you’re shooting at a larger home. If the space in your home requires it, it’s completely acceptable for your video to go over the standard 3 minute length! Just try avoiding a run-time that surpasses 10 minutes, as you want to keep your viewers interested the whole way through.[15]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 10.jpg

[Edit]What should the format of the video be?

  1. Shoot in a slideshow or virtual tour format. The format you choose will depend on the size of your home, where you want to post the video, and your personal preference.[16]
    • A slideshow is a common format for a real estate video that features pictures of the home. These videos will often include interesting graphics, voiceovers, and music to make the video more appealing to viewers.
    • A virtual tour is exactly how it sounds! This video guides the viewer through the home in a way that resembles an in-person home viewing experience. This style is a great option for giving prospective buyers all the information and details they need to know about the home, as the immersive format can capture some more details than a standard slide show.

[Edit]How do you edit a real estate video?

  1. Download free editing programs like iMovie and Windows Video Editor. Each program will offer a wide variety of tools and settings to give you the editing style you want. If you’re willing to invest, programs like Final Cut Pro and Adobe Premier Pro are great options that are often used by professionals.[17]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 12.jpg
  2. Compile your footage and choose what shots you like best. Pick only the shots that make your home look best. Next, arrange the order of the scenes to mimic a walkthrough of your home. For example, if the front door leads to your living room, make the first interior scene focus on the living room. If your living room leads to the kitchen, focus on the kitchen next.[18]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 13.jpg
  3. Splice the scenes together and add transitions, color adjustments, and sound effects. The editing is your opportunity to make your real estate video more creative.
    • Add some background music to make your video more engaging or utilize transitional effects like speed ramping.[19]

[Edit]Where do you post a video listing?

  1. Post your video on home listing websites. This will be a fantastic means to attract potential buyers, as they will most likely be checking these websites to find their perfect home. Websites like allow you to publish your own real estate video on your house’s listing page. Other websites that allow you to do this include and[20]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 15.jpg
  2. Post your video on YouTube and social media sites. These websites help you reach more potential buyers and help you increase your following! [21]
    Shoot Real Estate Videos Step 16.jpg



  2. [v161800_b01]. 23 April 2021.


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An explosive spyware report shows limits of iOS, Android security

A report this week indicates that the problem of high-caliber spyware is far more widespread than previously feared.

Enlarge / A report this week indicates that the problem of high-caliber spyware is far more widespread than previously feared. (credit: Pau Barrena | Getty Images)

The shadowy world of private spyware has long caused alarm in cybersecurity circles, as authoritarian governments have repeatedly been caught targeting the smartphones of activists, journalists, and political rivals with malware purchased from unscrupulous brokers. The surveillance tools these companies provide frequently target iOS and Android, which have seemingly been unable to keep up with the threat. But a new report suggests the scale of the problem is far greater than feared—and has placed added pressure on mobile tech makers, particularly Apple, from security researchers seeking remedies.

This week, an international group of researchers and journalists from Amnesty International, Forbidden Stories, and more than a dozen other organizations published forensic evidence that a number of governments worldwide—including Hungary, India, Mexico, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates—may be customers of the notorious Israeli spyware vendor NSO Group. The researchers studied a leaked list of 50,000 phone numbers associated with activists, journalists, executives, and politicians who were all potential surveillance targets. They also looked specifically at 37 devices infected with, or targeted by, NSO’s invasive Pegasus spyware. They even created a tool so you can check whether your iPhone has been compromised.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: WIRED

16 Terminal Commands That Every Mac User Should Know

Are you afraid of the Mac command line? Learning a few simple commands can help you build your confidence and shed that fear. You might even discover that you enjoy working in a command-line environment!

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Tim Brookes

One of the Most Prolific Ransomware Viruses Can Now Be Unlocked Easily

Kaseya, an IT management software firm, says that it’s obtained the REvil universal decryption key through a “trusted third party.” This should help Kaseya recover data from a July 4th REvil ransomware attack that affected over 1,500 businesses.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Andrew Heinzman

New bill strips Facebook, Twitter of Section 230 immunity for spreading vaccine falsehoods

New bill strips Facebook, Twitter of Section 230 immunity for spreading vaccine falsehoods

Enlarge (credit: CHANDAN KHANNA / AFP)

A new bill introduced Thursday would hold Facebook, Twitter, and other social media companies responsible for amplifying conspiracies and falsehoods about vaccines, COVID cures, and other health misinformation.

“For far too long, online platforms have not done enough to protect the health of Americans,” said Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), one of the bill’s sponsors. “These are some of the biggest, richest companies in the world, and they must do more to prevent the spread of deadly vaccine misinformation.”

If signed into law, the Health Misinformation Act would strip Facebook, Twitter, and other social media companies of some immunity under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which currently prevents Internet firms from being held liable for most content posted on their platforms. The carveout proposed by Klobuchar and Sen. Ben Ray Luján (D-NM) would eliminate that legal shield in instances where a platform “promotes health misinformation through an algorithm,” the bill says.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Tim De Chant

Entire Plane Evacuated Over a Teen’s Moronic AirDrop Prank


A United Airlines flight headed out of San Fransisco International Airport was hurriedly deboarded Thursday afternoon after staff aboard the plane announced an urgent threat. Someone was AirDropping “inappropriate pictures” onto passenger’s phones, and everyone on board needed to be evacuated and re-screened before…

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Shoshana Wodinsky

How to Customize Sound Settings on Your Mac

mac-sitting-on-desktop.jpg When using a Mac, it’s quite possible that the only sound-related thing you’ll change on your computer is the volume. But in some cases, you may need to adjust a few more settings – such as whether your Mac is playing sound. In this article, you’ll discover how to customize your Mac’s settings as well as how to access these features in the first place. Related: How to Keep Your Application Window “Always on Top” in Mac Change Your Mac’s Sound Output If you find that the song or podcast you’re listening to… Read more14646602.gif

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Danny Maiorca

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