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How to Clean a Laptop

All computers get dirty over time. However, laptops tend to need cleaning more often because of how they are handled. Particularly if you frequently travel with your laptop, you probably want to clean it at least once a month. A buildup of dirt and grime, particularly on the screen and the keys, can impair your laptop’s functioning. Always make sure you shut down your laptop and disconnect it from any power source before you start cleaning it. If possible, you should also remove the battery.[1]


EditWiping the Screen

  1. Clear surface dust with a microfiber cloth. Fold the cloth and rub it gently across the full width of your screen, back and forth. You may want to brace the screen with your other hand so it doesn’t move while you’re cleaning it.[2]
    Clean a Laptop Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • Don’t press hard into the screen or try to scratch off stubborn spots – you could damage your screen. Use only the lightest pressure to wipe off surface dust.
  2. Use a damp sponge for dirt and grime. Wet a clean sponge, then squeeze it out until it is almost dry. Use purified or distilled water rather than tap water, which can leave mineral streaks on your screen. Wipe your screen gently, using light pressure – do not scrub.[3]
    Clean a Laptop Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • You can also use a pre-moistened cleaning wipe. Just make sure it doesn’t contain harsh cleansing agents such as ammonia or bleach, which may damage your screen.
    • Water can drip into your laptop and damage internal components, so make extra sure you’ve squeezed all excess liquid out.
    • For particularly stubborn spots, add just a drop of gentle dish soap to the water. If you have a touchscreen, consult your owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s website to determine what cleaning agents are safe for the finish.
  3. Invest in a screen-cleaning kit for dirtier screens. You can buy screen-cleaning kits online or at any store that sells electronics. These kits include a cleaner specially designed for laptop screens and usually come with their own microfiber cloth. If you have a touchscreen, check to make sure the kit is listed as safe for touchscreens.[4]
    Clean a Laptop Step 3 Version 4.jpg
    • Do not use regular glass cleaners, particularly those that contain ammonia, on any laptop screen. They can damage the screen.
  4. Polish in a circular motion to remove streaks. After you’re done cleaning, take your microfiber cloth and gently rub your screen in a circular motion. This will eliminate any streaks or particles the sponge left behind.[5]
    Clean a Laptop Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • Start at a top corner and proceed in tight circles across the top of your screen, then back and forth until you get to the bottom.

EditCleaning the Keyboard

  1. Shake the loose dust out of your keyboard. Get a good grip on the sides of your laptop and turn it upside down with the screen open. Shake the machine gently to dislodge crumbs and larger particles. You may also want to tilt it to one side, then another, to free debris stuck under keys.[6]
    Clean a Laptop Step 5 Version 4.jpg
    • If you haven’t cleaned your laptop in a while, or if you regularly eat while using your laptop, shake it over a trashcan to avoid making more of a mess.
    • If you’ve already cleaned your screen, you may want to give it another wipe-down with your microfiber cloth after you do this. Dust from the keyboard may end up on the screen.
  2. Vacuum loose dust and hair from the keyboard. If you have a small handheld vacuum, use the smallest attachment to vacuum the debris from your keyboard without harming your laptop. Move the attachment slowly across the keyboard, going over each row from the top of the keyboard to the bottom.[7]
    Clean a Laptop Step 6 Version 4.jpg
    • You can also use a can of compressed air. However, if you do, tilt your keyboard at an angle so that you’re forcing the dust out of your keyboard. If you blow the compressed air directly into the keyboard, you’ll just blow the dust and debris further inside. This is especially true for MacBook keyboards, which are open to the inside of the machine.[8]
  3. Use a pencil eraser to remove grime from the keycaps. If you look at the keys from an angle, you will be able to see where grime has built up on the keycaps from your fingers. Take your pencil eraser and gently rub to get rid of this build-up.[9]
    Clean a Laptop Step 7 Version 4.jpg
    • After you use the pencil eraser, you may want to run the vacuum over the keys again, just to get rid of the stubble the eraser left behind.
  4. Get between keys with a cotton swab. You may find that grime has built up between the keys as well. A cotton swab is small enough to clean these areas. If your keyboard is particularly grimy, dip the cotton swab in rubbing alcohol.[10]
    Clean a Laptop Step 8 Version 4.jpg
    • Take care not to get the cotton swab too wet. Don’t press down too hard when you clean – you don’t want the alcohol dripping underneath the keys into your machine.
    • A cotton swab dipped in alcohol also works for cleaning the tops of the keys, particularly if you have sticky grime that the eraser couldn’t get.
  5. Wipe down the keys with a slightly damp cloth. Use a microfiber cloth dampened with distilled water, or with a disinfecting mixture of equal parts water and rubbing alcohol. Thoroughly squeeze out all excess liquid before using the cloth on your keyboard. Rub lightly over the tops of the keys – do not press them in.[11]
    Clean a Laptop Step 9 Version 4.jpg
    • After you’ve used a slightly damp cloth, wipe the keys again with a completely dry cloth to remove all moisture.
  6. Remove keys only if you know how to put them back on. Taking off the keycaps may be the only way to remove all grime captured beneath the keys. This is likely true if you’ve never cleaned your laptop, or if you frequently eat while using your laptop. However, keycaps can be tricky to remove and replace, depending on the design of your machine.[12]
    Clean a Laptop Step 10 Version 4.jpg
    • You may want to take a picture of your keyboard before you take the keys off, just so you have a reference for where to put them back on. Once all the keys are off, you may forget the order, especially for function keys.

EditShining the Case

  1. Mix a gentle cleansing solution. Use purified or distilled water and a few drops of gentle dish soap. You can also use a mix of equal parts rubbing alcohol and purified or distilled water. Do not use regular household cleaners for your case, or any harsh chemicals such as bleach or ammonia.[13]
    Clean a Laptop Step 11 Version 4.jpg
    • If you use rubbing alcohol, take care not to get any on your laptop’s screen. It can damage the anti-glare and scratch-resistant coatings on the screen.
  2. Dip a sponge into your cleansing solution. Take a clean sponge and soak it in the cleansing solution, then wring it out until it is nearly completely dry. Make sure it no longer drips, even when you squeeze it. Rub the sponge gently over the outside surface of your laptop.[14]
    Clean a Laptop Step 12 Version 3.jpg
    • You can use the same sponge and cleansing solution to clean your laptop’s touchpad.
    • Don’t clean inside ports or vents with the sponge – you risk getting moisture inside your laptop and damaging its components.
  3. Use cotton swabs to clean the gunk out of crevices. If your laptop case has seams and crevices, they may collect dirt and grime. A cotton swab dipped in your cleansing solution can get into these small areas.[15]
    Clean a Laptop Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • As with the sponge, make sure the cotton swab is not too wet. Use light pressure to avoid squeezing moisture into the machine.
  4. Dig out grime with a toothpick if necessary. If narrow crevices, ports, or vents are clogged up with dirt, use a toothpick to gently scrape the case and pull the grime out. Move the toothpick in an outward sweeping motion to avoid shoving grime further up into your machine.[16]
    Clean a Laptop Step 14 Version 3.jpg
    • Be gentle with the toothpick to avoid scratching the surface of your case. Hold it at an angle, like you would hold a pencil, rather than bearing down with the point.
  5. Blow debris from ports with compressed air. Angle a can of compressed air so that it is blowing into and out of the port or vent you want to clear. Turn your laptop and blow from multiple angles to make sure you’ve cleaned thoroughly.[17]
    Clean a Laptop Step 15 Version 3.jpg
    • Never blow the compressed air directly into the port or vent. This will loosen the debris and send it deep inside your machine, where it could damage components.
  6. Use rubbing alcohol for sticky residue. If you have particularly sticky or grimy spots on your case that can’t be removed with gentle cleaning, use a cotton ball dipped in rubbing alcohol directly on the spot. Make sure the cotton ball isn’t too wet – you don’t want rubbing alcohol running into your machine.[18]
    Clean a Laptop Step 16 Version 3.jpg
    • Use moderate pressure, rubbing repeatedly until the spot is gone.
    • If you previously had stickers on your laptop case, you may have more luck with an oil-based cleansing product, such as Goo Gone.
  7. Polish the surface with a microfiber cloth. Once your case is clean, take your microfiber cloth and wipe the entire case, using a circular motion. This will remove any moisture as well as any streaks your cleaning may have left on the finish of your case.[19]
    Clean a Laptop Step 17 Version 3.jpg
    • Once your laptop case is clean, you may notice spots of grime that you didn’t see before. Use a cotton swab or cotton ball dipped in rubbing alcohol to finish these last spots.


  • Use a hand sanitizer before touching your laptop to decrease the dirt and grime on the keyboard.[20]


  • Never spray cleaners directly onto any part of your computer. Spray a cloth or sponge first, then use that to gently clean your computer.[21]
  • Moisture and electronics do not mix. After cleaning your laptop, make sure every part of it is completely dry before plugging it into a power source or turning it on.[22]

EditThings You’ll Need

  • Handheld vacuum
  • Compressed air (optional)
  • Microfiber cloth
  • Clean sponge
  • Cotton swabs/cotton balls
  • Pencil eraser
  • Toothpicks
  • Dish soap
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Purified water

EditRelated wikiHows

EditSources and Citations

EditQuick Summary

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How to Make a Drone

Drones are small remote-controlled aircraft you can pilot yourself. There are many kinds of drones you can build and operate, but a simple quadcopter is the easiest to build and control for beginners. A simple drone is a great way to get started learning about how they work and practice piloting them before moving up to more expensive and complex platforms.


EditBuilding the Base of the Drone

  1. Find a quadcopter design in a book or online for reference. There are many websites and books devoted specifically to building your own drone. The most common kind of home-built drone tends to start with an “X” shape that allows you to mount 4 rotors (called a quadcopter). This design is easy to build and is used even on high-end drones.[1]
    Make a Drone Step 1.jpg
    • Having a design to follow will help make it easier to decide where best to place each component.
    • Once you’ve finished a quadcopter drone, you can try larger designs that incorporate more motors to carry more equipment like cameras.
    • Many drone designs are available for free online if you search “DIY drone design.”
  2. Make a frame for the drone out of metal, plastic, or wood. Begin constructing your frame using the material of your choice. Model plastic, balsa wood, or thin metal (thinner than ) are best. For a simple quadcopter design, lay one long piece of wood, plastic or light metal across another, so it creates an “X” shape with 90-degree angles. Each extending arm of the drone frame should reach toward what would be the corner of a perfect square you could draw around the frame. Choose a frame material that is at least wide to support mounting your engines.[2]
    Make a Drone Step 2.jpg
    • You can purchase model plastic, thin metal, or balsa wood at most hobby or model stores. You can also find these materials at drone retailers or on websites like Amazon.
    • Use glue or duct tape to secure the two pieces of your frame together.
    • Don’t move on to the next step until the pieces of the frame are secure and any glue you’ve used has dried.
  3. Purchase motors, propellers and other electronics from a drone retailer. There are some components of your drone that can’t be built from scratch, so you’ll need to purchase them. If there is no drone retailer nearby, many hobby stores that carry model rockets and R/C airplanes will carry them.[3]
    Make a Drone Step 3.jpg
    • You will need to purchase speed controllers, a power distribution board, and a flight controller along with the motors and propellers.
    • If you have trouble finding the parts you need, many drone specific online retailers, as well as large retailers like Amazon, carry these parts.
    • Drone engines should be rated to produce a total of twice as much thrust as the drone weighs. If your quadcopter will weigh , each engine should produce so the combined total amount of thrust will equal .
    • You can often buy these components in bundles.
  4. Drill holes in the frame to support the motors. Most motors mount using anywhere from 2 to 4 screws. Place one motor at the end of one of the drone’s extended arms and make marks where the holes need to be drilled. Then use those holes to guide you when using the drill.[4]
    Make a Drone Step 4.jpg
    • If you are using self-setting wood screws on a wood or plastic frame, drill the holes smaller than the diameter of the screws so they can work as a guide.
    • If you are using metal, drill holes of the same diameter of the mounting bolts you’ll use. You will then need to use nuts on the underside of the bolts to secure them in place.
  5. Cut 4 rings from a PVC pipe to make landing gear. Lay the pipe on its side and mark it where you’ll make your cut. Then use a saw to cut all four sections, so you’re left with 4 plastic rings made of PVC pipe.[5]
    Make a Drone Step 5.jpg
    • These four rings will serve as lightweight landing gear for your drone.
    • The cuts don’t have to be perfect as long as the rings are thick enough to be sturdy, but the better the finish on your cuts, the better the drone will look.
  6. Stand the landing gear rings on their side and attach them with duct tape. Place one ring on its side beneath each arm of the drone’s frame, then use thin strips of duct tape to secure the rings to the arms. The drone will now stand on its own on your table.[6]
    Make a Drone Step 6.jpg
    • You can use glue instead of tape, but make sure it’s completely dry before moving on.
    • Keep the rings in the middle of the arms so they don’t interfere with the placement of your motors or other components.

EditInstalling the Drive System

  1. Mount the motors on the frame. Place each motor over the holes you drilled for them and then use screws or bolts to secure them in place. Then slide the propellers over the posts extending from the top of the motors and screw the caps that came with the motors over the top of the posts.[7]
    Make a Drone Step 7.jpg
    • The drone frame now has landing gear and motors, but the center portion of the frame should still be empty.
    • Tighten the bolts or screws securely so the motors can’t wiggle at all on the frame. Any slack will create vibrations that can make the drone unstable.
  2. Use zip ties to secure the speed controllers to the bottom of the frame. The electronic speed controllers that connect to the motors should be mounted on the underside of the drone frame to prevent it from getting too top heavy when you add the rest of the components. Zip ties are an easy way to attach them. Run the zip ties through the mounting loops on the speed controllers (or just across them) and over the frame. Then pull the zip ties tight so the controllers are firmly held in place.[8]
    Make a Drone Step 8.jpg
    • Don’t use glue the first time you assemble your drone, as you may find you want to adjust the positioning of different components based on how it flies.
    • The speed controllers regulate how fast the motors on the drone spin. This ensures all four motors spin at the same speed so the drone will be level as it flies.
  3. Secure the battery to the frame. Consider the size and shape of your battery when looking for the right place to mount it. If it’s flat, you can mount it in the center of the drone and then mount other components on top of it. If not, you may want to mount the battery on the underside of the drone along with the speed controllers.[9]
    Make a Drone Step 9.jpg
    • In most applications, mounting the battery in the center of the top of the frame is the best place.
    • Use zip ties to hold the battery in place so you can remove it and move it if you need to adjust the weight distribution of the drone later.
  4. Install the power distribution board. Center the power distribution board on the drone frame, on top of the battery if you placed it there as well. Connect the lines from the speed controllers and the battery to the board once you’ve zip tied it down.[10]
    Make a Drone Step 10.jpg
    • The power distribution board relays the right amount of power to each component to keep the drone operating smoothly.
  5. Attach the flight controller to the drone frame with zip ties and connect it. The flight controller relays information from the remote control to the power distribution board. Position it on top of the power distribution board and then zip tie it down.[11]
    Make a Drone Step 11.jpg
    • Refer to the instructions for the flight controller and power distribution box to connect them properly, but in most applications, the connection will be one clearly marked wire that plugs directly from one into the other.

EditConnecting the Controls

  1. Buy a wireless remote control system that works with your flight controller. Ask for help at your local hobby store or drone retailer to make sure to choose a remote control system that works with your specific flight controller. Often, you can buy them in bundles, but if not, the remote control system will list the flight controller systems it is compatible with on the box. Choose one that lists your flight controller.[12]
    Make a Drone Step 12.jpg
    • The remote control system will come with the remote control itself that you’ll use to pilot your drone.
    • Check to see if your system takes off-the-shelf batteries or is rechargeable. You’ll need to power it to connect it to your flight control system.
  2. Connect the motors to the speed controllers. Run the wires from the motors to their respective speed controllers on the underside of the drone’s frame so power can be transferred into the motors once you power the drone up. While these connections may vary from brand to brand, they are usually a simple male/female connection that just needs to be pressed together.[13]
    Make a Drone Step 13.jpg
    • If your components don’t have a simple connector, refer to the instruction manual for the speed controller to assess the best way to connect them.
    • You may need to solder the wire directly to a port on the motor itself. If so, check the manual for the motor as well, to ensure you’re soldering the wire to the correct port.
  3. Charge the drone battery. Use the power supply that came with your battery to plug it into a wall outlet. Leave it plugged in until it reaches a maximum charge (usually four hours, but refer to the instructions that came with your battery to check for your specific application).[14]
    Make a Drone Step 14.jpg
    • You’ll need the drone’s flight controller powered to connect it to the remote control system.
    • Many drone operators choose to purchase and charge multiple batteries, as each one will only power the drone in flight for a few minutes before needing to be recharged again.
  4. Link the remote control system to the flight controller. Follow the instructions that came with your remote control system to establish a link between the remote control and the flight controller mounted on the drone.[15]
    Make a Drone Step 15.jpg
    • On many applications, this connection is easy to establish: simply hold the sync button on both the remote control and the flight controller while they’re near each other and the two will link up.
  5. Fly your drone in the air. Turn on both the drone (using the switch on the flight controller) and the radio control. Drone controls usually have at least two joysticks: the left stick controls the yaw (or the direction the drone is pointed) by moving left to right, and the throttle by going forward and backward. The right stick controls the roll (left to right) and the pitch (pointing the “nose” down or up).[16]
    Make a Drone Step 16.jpg
    • Use the left stick to control speed and direction.
    • Use the right stick to control the orientation of the drone (leaning left or right, angled up or down).


  • Check with your local laws and regulations pertaining to flying drones before you take yours out.
  • Never fly your drone near or over airports.

EditThings You’ll Need

  • 2 Pieces of wood, plastic or metal that measure by
  • Flight Controller System
  • 4 Motors and propellers
  • 4 Electronic Speed Controllers
  • Power Distribution Board
  • Lithium Polymer (Li-Po) battery
  • Remote Control System
  • Duct tape
  • Zip Ties
  • PVC pipe that is in diameter

EditRelated wikiHows

EditSources and Citations

EditQuick Summary

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How to Enable Google Play Protect

Google Play Protect is the built-in malware protection for all the Android devices. It uses machine learning to scan for potential threats to your device and data. This feature is an especially important service if you use your device to carry out money transactions on a daily basis. This wikiHow will show you how to enable Google Protect for your Android device.


  1. Open the Google Play Store. Select the Google Play Store icon () to open the app from the home screen or the app drawer.
    • If your device supports Google Assistant, you can say the wake words, “Okay Google” and then say “Open Play Store”.
  2. Open the Play Store menu. On the top-left side of the screen, select the menu icon ☰ to open the play store menu.
  3. Open Play Protect. Scroll down the menu to find , select it to open the page to configure Play Protect.
  4. Enable the security. Slide the slider to right in order the enable Play Protect. Enabling this grants Google the rights to scan your device on a regular basis and remove malicious software and files.
    • You may also turn on by sliding the slider to right; this will help the developers at Google to improve their detection algorithms.


  • Only download applications from trusted app stores like Google Play Store.
  • Make sure that you update Google Play Services regularly; this helps in the smooth functioning of Play Protect.

EditQuick Summary

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How to Use Cryptocurrency

In basic terms, cryptocurrency is a digital currency that isn’t regulated or controlled by any government or other financial authority. Cryptocurrency relies on secret codes to verify transactions. While Bitcoin has entered the mainstream, there are actually more than 700 types of cryptocurrency. To use cryptocurrency, buy some from an online exchange and choose a digital wallet to keep it secure. You can save it, or use it to purchase goods and services by exchanging your secret codes.[1]


EditAcquiring Cryptocurrency

  1. Decide what types of cryptocurrency you want. There are many different cryptocurrencies out there. Which cryptocurrency is right for you depends to a large extent on what you want to do with it. Newer cryptocurrencies may be more volatile, and likely won’t be widely accepted as payment for goods and services.[2]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 1.jpg
    • Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency. It’s the most well-known and the most valuable. It’s also accepted in many places as currency, including online retailers and brick-and-mortar merchants.
    • Litecoin is also accepted by many retailers. If you want to use your cryptocurrency to purchase goods and services, Litecoin may also be a good choice.
    • If you’re looking at smaller niche cryptocurrencies, do some research first to make sure it will suit your purposes.
  2. Choose a cryptocurrency exchange. There are hundreds of cryptocurrency exchanges, but not all exchanges work in all countries. Different exchanges also offer different types of cryptocurrency, accept different methods of payment, and charge different fees.[3]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 2.jpg
    • Compare 3 or 4 exchanges to choose the one that’s best for you. Make sure you understand the exchange’s interface and how to use it. Because exchanges are extremely vulnerable to hackers, carefully assess each exchange’s security.
    • On crypto exchanges, higher fees don’t necessarily correspond to better service or more protection. Generally, choose an exchange that offers the cryptocurrency you want for the lowest fees possible.
  3. Create a trading account. To buy cryptocurrency, you must register as a user and verify your identity. To start, you’ll provide basic information about yourself, including your name, address, phone number, and email address. You’ll need to scan both sides of a government-issued photo ID to verify your identity.[4]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 3.jpg
    • The exchange will send you an email with a code you’ll use to verify your email address.
    • You’ll typically also be texted a code that you’ll have to enter to log onto your account. This code is part of two-factor identification (2FA), and makes your account more secure than simply entering a username and password.
  4. Connect your method of payment. If it’s your first time buying cryptocurrency, you’ll have to use fiat currency, which is national currency such as dollars or euros. Most exchanges will allow you to pay by connecting your bank account, or by using a credit or debit card.[5]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 4.jpg
    • Some crypto exchanges accept payment through other payment services, such as PayPal.
    • Depending on the method of payment you choose, it may be 3 to 5 days before the connection is completed and you can make your first purchase.
  5. Place your order for cryptocurrency. Typically, you’ll specify the type of cryptocurrency you want and the amount of “coins” (or fractions of a coin) you want to purchase. You may also have the option of specifying the amount of money you want to spend. The amount of cryptocurrency you get for that money depends on the value of that cryptocurrency.[6]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 5.jpg
    • Cryptocurrency exchanges work similar to stock exchanges. If you’re familiar with placing an order to buy or sell stock, you shouldn’t have any trouble navigating orders for cryptocurrency.
    • You can also buy one type of cryptocurrency with another type of cryptocurrency. The values of different cryptocurrencies relative to each other fluctuate.

EditSpending or Holding Cryptocurrency

  1. Keep your private keys secure until you’re ready to spend your cryptocurrency. When you go to spend your cryptocurrency, you do so by giving the merchant or other person your private key. Anyone who has your private key has control over the cryptocurrency.[7]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 6.jpg
    • Once someone has your private key, they can send your cryptocurrency wherever they want. Don’t give anyone your private key unless you are paying for goods or services.
    • Your cryptocurrency will likely be safe if you keep it in your exchange account for a few days. If you’re not going to spend it, though, you should choose a separate wallet.
    • There are several different types of wallets available that will secure your private keys. Choose the one that provides the best balance of convenience and security for your needs. The best wallet for you will depend on how you plan to use your cryptocurrency.
  2. Use cryptocurrency for purchases from online retailers. Many online retailers large and small accept various cryptocurrencies. More popular and established cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, are typically more widely accepted.[8]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 7.jpg
    • Tech retailers and service providers, such as Microsoft, are more likely to accept cryptocurrency. However, other online shopping sites, such as Overstock, take cryptocurrency as a method of payment.
    • Look for cryptocurrency logos near the shopping cart or payment page to determine whether the website takes cryptocurrency. If one of your favorite shopping sites doesn’t accept crypto, you might send a suggestion and recommend they start.
  3. Buy goods or services from local merchants who accept cryptocurrency. There are some small businesses that have started accepting various cryptocurrencies. If you’ve set up a mobile wallet, you can exchange cryptocurrency for goods and services from these merchants. The process works similarly to how you would pay with your phone using a credit or debit card.[9]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 8.jpg
    • To determine whether a merchant accepts the type of cryptocurrency you have, look for a logo near the cash register. This will generally be in the same place where a merchant would display logos for the credit cards they accept.
  4. Build an investment portfolio with your cryptocurrency. Rather than spending cryptocurrency, many people choose to hold it in the hopes its value will increase exponentially. If you’re thinking about doing this, keep in mind that any cryptocurrency is a relatively risky investment.[10]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 9.jpg
    • Including cryptocurrency in a diversified portfolio could be successful. However, balance your cryptocurrency with more conservative investments to avoid a significant loss.

EditChoosing a Crypto Wallet

  1. Download software for more control over your crypto transactions. With a software or desktop wallet, you don’t have to rely on the availability of a service to complete cryptocurrency transactions. Software wallets give you more security and flexibility than many other types of wallets.[11]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 10.jpg
    • You may have more security if you download your wallet software to a dedicated computer that remains offline except when you’re processing a transaction.
    • Depending on your connection speed, the blockchain may take as long as 2 days to download. Start the download before you make your first order. That way your cryptocurrency isn’t sitting in your account at the exchange, where it is more vulnerable to hackers.
  2. Try an online wallet if you have a small amount of cryptocurrency. Online or web wallets aren’t as secure as other types of wallets, so they aren’t ideal for large amounts of cryptocurrency. However, if you only want small amounts and plan to use them mainly to purchase goods and services from the internet, a web wallet may be the best option for you.[12]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 11.jpg
    • Web wallets also have fairly intuitive interfaces, and are similar to other types of online accounts. If you aren’t particularly tech-savvy, a web wallet may be easier for you to use.
    • Hybrid wallets, such as Copay, can be accessed on multiple devices, and are generally a little more secure than web-only wallets. These may also come in handy if you plan to use your cryptocurrency at brick-and-mortar retailers in addition to online.
  3. Use a mobile wallet for convenient, easy access to your cryptocurrency. While mobile wallets provide you the most freedom of access to your cryptocurrency, they may not necessarily be the most secure. However, they are user-friendly and can be a good for beginners.[13]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 12.jpg
    • Mobile wallet apps are available for both iPhone and Android smart phones. Some, such as Breadwallet, allow you to manage your account with a username and password. Others, such as Airbitz, do not actually store your cryptocurrency, providing a little more security.
    • If you have a mobile wallet, make sure your phone cannot be accessed without a secure password, and keep it locked at all times when you’re not using it.
  4. Buy a hardware wallet to secure larger amounts of cryptocurrency. Hardware wallets are offline devices that only store cryptocurrency. Since no additional software can be installed, they aren’t vulnerable to hackers like other wallets. These devices start at around $100, so are best for larger amounts of cryptocurrency that you plan to hold for investment purposes.[14]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 13.jpg
    • Hardware wallets will give you the best security for your cryptocurrency. However, if you store your cryptocurrency on a hardware wallet, you won’t be able to access it conveniently.
  5. Hold cryptocurrency for long-term investment with a paper wallet. A paper wallet stores both your public and private keys on a piece of paper in the form of a QR code. Since it’s just a piece of paper, it’s completely invulnerable to hackers.[15]
    Use Cryptocurrency Step 14.jpg
    • To regain access to your cryptocurrency, you simply scan the codes. You’ll have to have another wallet, such as a web wallet, to scan your cryptocurrency into if you want to use it.
    • While paper wallets aren’t vulnerable to hacking, they remain vulnerable to the same threats any piece of paper would be. For example, if your paper wallet burns in a fire, you’ve lost all access to your cryptocurrency the same as if cash were burned in a fire.


  • While it is possible to mine cryptocurrency, the process is complicated and expensive. It also requires significant recruiting power. If you’re interested in mining cryptocurrency, consider joining a mining pool to combine resources.[16]
  • Since cryptocurrencies are actually considered assets rather than currency, whenever you use cryptocurrency, you typically must also pay capital gains taxes.[17]

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Fix: My Webcam Doesn’t Work on Windows 10

Your webcam may not work on Windows 10 for several reasons. The usual troubleshooting steps apply, but Windows 10 has a new system-wide option that completely disables your webcam in all applications.

Check Windows 10 Camera Options

On Windows 10, the Settings app has a few switches that disable your webcam in all applications. If you disable your webcam here, even desktop applications won’t be able to use it.

This is a little confusing. In general, the app permissions options under Settings > Privacy mostly affect new Windows 10 apps from the Store, also known as UWP apps. But the webcam options also affect desktop apps.

If your webcam isn’t working, head to Settings > Privacy > Camera.

At the top of the window, ensure it says “Camera access for this device is on.” If it says camera access is off, click the “Change” button and set it to “On.” If camera access is off, Windows and applications on your system won’t be able to use the webcam. Not even Windows Hello sign-in will work.

Just under that, ensure “Allow apps to access your camera” is also set to “On.” If it’s set to Off, no applications on your system—including desktop applications—can see or use your camera. However, the Windows operating system can still use your camera for features like Windows Hello.

This option was changed with the release of Windows 10’s April 2018 Update. Previously, it only affected UWP apps and didn’t affect traditional desktop applications.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Chris Hoffman

How to Create a Professional Résumé in Microsoft Word

Pressing the send button when sending your résumé to a potential employer can be a nerve-racking experience. We’re here to show you how to create a résumé using Microsoft Word and provide a few tips on getting you through the résumé screening process so you can press that send button with confidence.

What is a Résumé?

A résumé, often referred to as a CV (curriculum vitae), is a summary of a person’s background and experience, including work experience, education, and even volunteer work, and its most common use is to send to potential employers when searching for a new career opportunity. In fact, though taking on a much different form than that of what you’d expect a résumé to look like today, Leonardo Da Vinci even did this himself, and he is often given credit as the first person to create a resume.

Of course, the résumé has undergone quite the transformation since Da Vinci’s 1482 version, drastically so during the age of word processors and digital typesetting in the 1970’s—40 years after résumés became an institution. Fast-forward to today and not only do you have your standard .doc or .pdf résumé, but you’ll also see people uploading video résumés on YouTube and using social media platforms like LinkedIn to sell themselves to companies.

We should be thankful for these developments because now we can skip the quill and ink and jump straight into Microsoft Word.

Using a Microsoft Word Résumé Template

Microsoft Word offers a bunch of résumé templates. Some are beautiful; some are not. We’ll let you decide which style fits you best, but here’s where you can find them.

Go ahead and open Word. As soon as you do, you’ll be greeted with several different templates to choose from, ranging from a simple blank document, cover letters, résumés, or even seasonal event flyers. Click the “Resumes and Cover Letters” link under the search box to see only those types of templates.

Now, you’ll see all the different resume styles Word has to offer. There are a lot of different styles and color schemes to choose one, so pick what feels right. If you scroll down the list a bit, you’ll also see some plainer resume templates designed for different purposes—like an entry-level, chronological, or extended CV style.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Marshall Gunnell

How to Safely and Securely Dispose of Your Old Gadgets


Keep your data private and the environment protected.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: David Nield

Your One-Stop Troubleshooting Guide for Skype Call Issues

Skype-Calls-Featured-AnthonyX-Creative-BCan you name the most common complaint of tourists hotels, conferences or live events? It might be something along these lines: “There is no Internet. I am having Skype call issues. Please do something.” Skype calls remain one of the most popular means to stay in touch with distant people. However, occasionally, the calls can leave behind a bad experience on your end, or the receiver’s. Whether you use a laptop, smartphone or tablet (with or without headset), follow the simple steps in this troubleshooting guide to overcome all your Skype woes. Related: 5 of the Best Skype Alternatives for Making Free Calls Unwanted Echoes… Read more

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Sayak Boral

Buying a Domain Name? This Is What You Need to Know

A domain name is your website’s location on the internet. It translates the digits that make up your IP address into something catchy that people can remember. Domain names are bought through Domain Name Registrars, companies that manage the reservation of domain names and point them to your website.

RELATED: What Is DNS, and Should I Use Another DNS Server?

Where To Buy a Domain Name

When you buy a domain name, you do so through a “Domain Registrar” that manages the registration of that domain name. For most registrars, you’ll buy the domain from them and then use a hosting provider to manage the website. Some companies provide both services.

Google Domains is a great tool for finding domains and integrates well with Google’s mail services. Namecheap and Hover are other great options and offer good DNS support and mail hosting in addition to low prices on domains.

You can also buy directly from your hosting provider (like GoDaddy), but if you want to switch providers, it’s generally more difficult as you’ll usually have to transfer the domain to another registrar, sometimes even having it locked down to that specific host.

What if My Domain is Already Taken?

If someone already has your domain, you might still be able to buy it, but it will cost more. This is because instead of buying it from a registrar for a standard price, you’ll have to buy it off of whoever has it. Many people register domains they think could be profitable and then sell them on domain marketplaces like Sedo and Afternic. You can try searching those services if you need that specific domain.

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Anthony Heddings

How to Disable Recent Items and Frequent Places in Windows 10

recent-items-win10-featured.jpgIf you’ve ever right-clicked on an app icon on the taskbar or in the Start menu, you might’ve seen that Windows shows you a list of recent items that you’ve opened with that application. In fact, Windows also shows you the recently opened files and frequently accessed places in the File Explorer’s File menu, too. This is pretty helpful for some users. However, if you are not using this feature or don’t like showing your recent items and frequent places for privacy reasons, you can easily disable them. Related: How to Delete Windows Explorer Address Bar History in Windows Disable Recent Items from Settings App… Read more

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The Article Was Written/Published By: Vamsi Krishna

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