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The FCC’s shoddy maps could upend Biden’s broadband gold rush

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Washington is finally tackling one of the biggest obstacles to closing the nation’s digital divide: identifying the broadband dead zones where millions of Americans lack fast internet service.

But that’s coming too late for the broadband gold rush of 2021.

States and cities are already allocating more than $10 billion in federal pandemic relief to get broadband into underserved communities — the biggest government investment ever toward increasing internet connectivity. Another $42 billion in broadband expansion money is due to come from the bipartisan infrastructure law that President Joe Biden signed this month, but the government won’t start doling that cash out for at least another year.

For now, though, many states don’t know where to put that first round of cash. They have only a murky picture of where their internet dead spots are, thanks to the federal government’s reliance on broadband mapping methods that dramatically overstate existing coverage.

The Federal Communications Commission’s maps, based on data from telecom providers, have fueled years of complaints from local government leaders and members of Congress alike. And now they pose one of the biggest threats to getting millions more Americans wired with fast internet — an increasingly crucial gateway to jobs, schooling and commerce.

In one Mississippi county, the federal estimates of broadband availability are off by 80 percent, a regulator in that state has said. Ohio, West Virginia and Michigan, three states with huge connectivity shortfalls, have little idea how large their coverage gaps are or which counties have the worst problems.

Congress has required that better maps be in place before the infrastructure money is spent, which should make it easier to target the neediest areas during the second, larger round. But logistical hurdles are already threatening to delay the planned maps, pushing that larger bucket of money well into the future.

That means counties and towns that need the money now may lose out.

“The mapping has been totally inaccurate,” said Gayle Manchin, co-chair of the Appalachian Regional Commission and wife of Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.). She said bad data has historically been an obstacle. “The federal government is saying you don’t need funding because your state is completely covered.”

Her husband, who co-chairs the Senate Broadband Caucus, has cited estimates that the FCC maps overstate West Virginia’s broadband coverage by 36 percent — an error that rendered nearly 600,000 residents there ineligible for a recent round of federal broadband subsidies.

Current FCC mapping “stinks,” agency Chair Jessica Rosenworcel acknowledged during her mid-November confirmation hearing. “For too long, the FCC’s been working off maps that are not accurate,” she told senators, stressing that staff are “working morning, noon and night” to lock down better data.

Any stumbles in steering the money would hold political implications for Democrats, who have promised that their infrastructure plan will expand the blessings of speedy internet service to rural hinterlands and inner cities.

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And delays appear likely. The FCC already faces a bid protest over its selection of a contractor to help with the mapping effort.

People far from Washington just want to figure out who in their community lacks access.

In February, civic groups in southeastern Ohio’s Athens County tapped high school history teacher Paul Isherwood as the county’s first-ever broadband coordinator, a privately funded position meant to create a strategy for using the incoming dollars.

His first thought: “OK, I need to know where all the fiber is. Where’s all the points of connection? Is there somewhere where there’s a map? Do the county commissioners have that, does the city planner have that?”

The reaction to his questions: Laughter at his naivete.

Some states ‘postured’ and ready, others scrambling

Plenty of broadband money is already heading out the door even before the infrastructure grants start flowing.

Cities and states can draw broadband money from their shares of a $350 billion fund created by March’s pandemic relief package, as well as a $10 billion Capital Projects Fund, both run out of the Treasury Department. Other pandemic relief efforts supporting digital infrastructure include a $980 million Commerce Department fund aimed at bolstering connectivity for American Indian tribes and another $288 million devoted to laying network gear.

Exactly how much of this money would go to broadband — and other connectivity fixes, such as cell towers — is in flux and varies by state. California has created a $6 billion broadband plan, while Virginia is eyeing $700 million, Tennessee $500 million and North Carolina $1.2 billion. States from Arizona to Wisconsin to Maine are pursuing plans to spend at least $100 million apiece. Individual cities have seized the potential too, such as Brownsville, Texas, which is tapping $20 million to lay fiber.

In Ohio, Republican Gov. Mike DeWine signed a law this summer creating a broadband program aimed at providing $20 million in state money to go along with the expected federal dollars.

Some states have an advantage, however: They’re armed with more accurate data about where to target the windfall.

Georgia worked to identify broadband gaps during the past three years, motivated by both the shoddy federal data and a hope to get money from former President Donald Trump’s never-enacted infrastructure plan. Georgia’s improved maps went online last year just as the state needed those details: coverage information down to the address, partly thanks to deal-making with local internet service providers. During Covid lockdowns, Georgia was able to identify where schoolchildren couldn’t participate in remote learning due to lack of at-home broadband.

Leaders now see those early investments as fortuitous, given the $2.4 billion the state received in its first tranche of pandemic relief money — $300 million of which will go to broadband infrastructure.

“We’re postured and we’re ready,” said Mike Curtis, director of planning and strategy in the Georgia Technology Authority. “We have everything in place — we have the vendors in place, we have the data in place, we have the providers in place. And we’ve got the money.”

He added: “We’re in graduate school. Some of these states, they’re in elementary, maybe pre-K.”

But the unreadiness of other states is unsettling policymakers who hope to see the money spent wisely. No strict requirements govern what data states can use to target their pandemic relief dollars.

“I am worried that there’s different standards in different states,” said former FCC Commissioner Mike O’Rielly, a Republican who left the agency last year. He projected that assembling better data could take two years, but said state officials won’t wait to start spending. “If they’ve got the chance, they’re going to try to do it.”

In Ohio’s Athens County, Isherwood supplemented his knowledge with speed test data from a company called Ookla — showing that at least 340,000 households in eastern Ohio had no home broadband connections. (In contrast, the FCC estimates that at most 328,000 households in the entire state have connections too slow to fit its definition of broadband.) But Ookla data is also far from authoritative, and Isherwood said the burden shouldn’t be on communities to figure out the scope of the problem.

The 200 or so residents of the county’s rural village of Amesville struggle with DSL service from Frontier Communications that Mayor Gary Goosman said falls well below the federal broadband threshold. When the Amesville library set up a Wi-Fi hot spot in the town center, people sat in their cars downloading homework assignments and filing unemployment paperwork, the mayor recalled.

Frontier spokesperson Erin Kurtz said the ISP, which emerged from bankruptcy in April, is “investing heavily to build fiber and bring lightning-fast broadband to communities across the country, many in underserved areas.”

But for now, the mayor said, the only alternative is pricey satellite-beamed internet — difficult for many in the high-poverty area to afford. “Erroneous” coverage estimates have prevented him from obtaining federal funding in years past, he added.

“We’ve always known we were behind the curve in terms of speeds and availability, but that really jumped in the last year,” Goosman said. “In Amesville, cellphones don’t work.”

And then came 2021, dangling its broadband dollars. More than 56 percent of Athens County voted for Biden, who has made broadband a kitchen-table issue and repeatedly invoked its importance this year.

‘This war over datasets’

Even the telecom industry, which is set to reap some of these subsidies, fears charging ahead without adequate information. One of its main fears is “overbuilding” — the risk that inaccurate coverage data could lead to the government subsidizing new internet providers that compete with established carriers.

“With billions of dollars flowing before the FCC’s broadband data collection is complete, yes, there is anxiety about that — that the dollars will not be targeted to the truly unserved,” said Patrick Halley, who represents ISPs like AT&T and Verizon as general counsel for the trade group USTelecom. “There’s no doubt that spending right now is based on incomplete data, and that’s not ideal.”

The telecom industry is a big reason the existing data is so spotty, however, given the wariness among ISPs to share proprietary information.

The nation’s central repository of broadband maps has been hosted since 2018 at the FCC, a telecom regulator that has limited authority over the internet. The methodology the FCC uses for those maps has drawn widespread criticism for overestimating coverage: Under the forms that the carriers submit to the agency, if one household has internet, its entire census block is considered covered.

Nationally, this means we still don’t know how many people need assistance, more than a decade after the federal government began releasing national broadband maps.

The official FCC figures say more than 14 million households nationwide are unconnected, lacking at-home broadband speeds of at least 25 megabits per second for downloads and 3 megabits per second for uploads. (The FCC’s current Democratic leadership says this speed definition should be much higher).

But the true figure is closer to 42 million households, according to BroadbandNow, a consumer-centric website launched in 2014 that works with ISPs to get more detailed data about pricing and coverage, while allowing providers to advertise on its platform.

Others have also jumped in to supplement the FCC maps. Microsoft, Ookla and M-Lab have sketched out coverage estimates using speed tests and other methods. Census data has also provided some sense, as has analysis from the Pew Research Center.

The Biden administration assembled these varying datasets into an interactive map this summer while pitching its infrastructure plan, allowing people to compare coverage information with other factors like poverty level. But the tool doesn’t contain any authoritative new data, even if it showcases how sharply the existing estimates vary.

The Treasury Department said it intentionally lets communities decide how to parse out the money.

Many states simply use the old FCC maps as a baseline despite their known issues, the advocacy organization Next Century Cities reported in May. Although some advocates welcome the leeway — saying local leaders are best positioned to identify broadband shortfalls — others worry about the political risks of sloppy spending.

“I have a real fear that there are going to be certain communities that are going to be spending money on things with unvetted advice,” said Joshua Edmonds, the director of digital inclusion for Detroit, during a Knight Foundation event this summer.

In an interview, he urged communities to create richer data to fill the gap. “Local communities need to be stepping up. … That’s not happening. Instead what we’re getting is this war over datasets, and you know this — whoever has the best datasets calls the shots.”

Washington, late to the rescue

One hard truth is that Washington mostly succeeded at creating a plan to fix its mapping woes — but did so too late to direct 2021’s flood of money.

After years of frustration, Congress passed bipartisan legislation in February 2020 requiring the FCC to collect more accurate data, largely modeled off a 2019 mapping pilot by USTelecom.

Implementing this law happened in slow motion over the nearly two years since.

The FCC finally got $98 million for the effort last December. A month later, Rosenworcel became acting chair and got to work — assembling a data task force, hiring an IT vendor, asking consumers and industry for feedback, and offering an initial wireless coverage map with data from the largest providers.

But many people still don’t expect authoritative maps until well into 2022, something Rosenworcel blames on the slow procurement process.

Experts say obtaining detailed coverage data could be a prerequisite for cracking the digital divide — and that better data, as in Georgia, could mean more effective lobbying for aid.

“Each state is going to want to position themselves so they can maximize the amount of dollars they can get,” said Eric Frank, chief executive of a company called LightBox, which transformed its expertise in crunching reams of real estate data to help build Georgia’s granular internet maps.

Frank insists nationwide mapping should be technically easy — a simple scaling up of what the company already did — and allow government officials to easily offer customized versions with “data layers” to boost analyses.

LightBox is eager for a larger role in that effort: This month, the company challenged the FCC’s decision to award a nearly $45 million mapping contract to a rival company, a dispute that could mean months of delay. Rosenworcel has suggested Congress may need to intervene to speed the process.

Trying to make do

In disconnected areas such as Amesville and its surrounding communities, the sense of urgency tends to outweigh any squabbling over targeting investments.

Liz Shaw, who lives just outside Amesville, reached her breaking point four years ago, when slow, unreliable internet service foiled her attempts to order items for the baby shower of her first grandchild. The page “just kept spinning out,” she said. “I kept getting the blue wheel of death.”

“I just slumped into the kitchen floor. I sat there and cried for maybe 15 to 20 minutes,” Shaw recalled. “Then I started cussing. And I felt better when I started cussing. I said, ‘OK, that’s it, I’m not going to be a victim here.’”

What that meant was organizing. Within weeks, she spearheaded a regional summit in nearby Marietta, Ohio, that lured then-FCC Commissioner Mignon Clyburn. Attendees told unsettling stories, for example the soccer coach who collapsed on the field and died due to the inability to reach 911 in time. Bad cell coverage.

The summit proved a success, catalyzing regional organizing — but even years later, the connectivity woes remain. Shaw teaches music, and the only way she can obtain internet service to conduct her virtual private lessons is through a pricey Wi-Fi hot spot. Even that gets too slow to be practical near the end of the month, when she runs out of high-speed data.

“I just can’t afford to buy more data,” she said. “You just have to stop at some point.”

Shaw is also quick to label the mapping “brouhaha” as “BS,” adding that coverage is “pretty much a math problem. Where is it — from the providers, because they’re the only ones providing it — and where is it not. Bingo. And I’m where it’s not.”

The region has seen small improvements. Carol Kirk, who lives three miles from the center of Amesville, can finally receive text messages inside her home, unlike three years ago. Gerry Hilferty, who runs an Athens County design firm that works with museums, said fiber internet service is finally connecting the Windy Hills Farm where the firm operates.

Still, Kirk complains that the DSL internet infrastructure elsewhere in the region is decaying and fails during heavy rain. Mice chew at exposed equipment, she said. Her internet goes out sporadically throughout the day. She can’t download apps at home and has to go into Amesville to do so. Sometimes she’ll leave a note complaining at the local ISP’s office while she’s there.

“When the power goes out or the internet goes out, I have to go up to the ridge and sit in my car and make that my office,” Kirk said.

Source: https://www.politico.com/news/2021/11/29/fcc-broadband-maps-biden-523425
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The Article Was Written/Published By: John Hendel

‘The Buck Stops With Mark’: Facebook Whistleblower Says Zuckerberg Responsible for System Harming Kids

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Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen stepped out of the shadows Sunday after months of working secretly with lawyers, journalists and lawmakers to build a case against the company she’d once thought to change from within—but now views as fundamentally threatening to the whole of humanity. Haugen was once against…

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Source: https://gizmodo.com/the-buck-stops-with-mark-facebook-whistleblower-says-z-1847797678
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Dell Cameron

Anonymous Claims to Have Stolen Huge Trove of Data From Epik, the Right-Wing’s Favorite Web Host

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Members of the hacktivist collective Anonymous claim to have hacked web registration company Epik, allegedly stealing “a decade’s worth of data,” including reams of information about its clients and their domains.

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Source: https://gizmodo.com/anonymous-claims-to-have-stolen-huge-trove-of-data-from-1847673935
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Lucas Ropek

Here’s how the infrastructure bill would favor cheaper, US-made EVs

The House Ways and Means Committee has proposed a wide-ranging overhaul of the current electric vehicle incentives as part of the infrastructure bill.

Enlarge / The House Ways and Means Committee has proposed a wide-ranging overhaul of the current electric vehicle incentives as part of the infrastructure bill. (credit: Stadtratte)

On Friday, the House Ways and Means Committee released a markup of its proposed budget reconciliation bill. There’s a ton of information in the $3.5 trillion plan, but today, we’re interested in a small portion of the 645-page “Budget Reconciliation Legislative Recommendations Relating to Infrastructure Financing, Green Energy, Social Safety Net, and Prescription Drug Pricing” section—specifically the parts that deal with incentives to decarbonize our vehicle fleet.

Beginning in 2010, the Federal government has incentivized people to buy or lease new plug-in vehicles by offering them a tax credit. The credit is based on battery size, starting at $2,917 for a vehicle with a 5 kWh battery and providing an additional $417 per extra kWh, topping out at $7,500. However, the credit only applies to the first 200,000 plug-ins sold by an OEM, at which point the credit begins to expire. To date, only Tesla and General Motors have sold enough plug-in vehicles to see their credits sunset.

If the budget reconciliation bill passes as is, the current tax credit (known as 30D) goes away, to be replaced by several new purchasing incentives for greener, more efficient vehicles.

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Source: https://arstechnica.com/cars/2021/09/house-infrastructure-bill-includes-new-tax-credits-for-new-and-used-evs/
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Jonathan M. Gitlin

Colorado voting machines banned after conspiracy theorist county clerk let unauthorized person in during upgrades

The county clerk of Mesa in Colorado, Tina Peters, “could be in legal trouble” after allowing an unauthorized person into a secure facility during an “upgrade” of the county’s voting machines. Colorado Secretary of State Jena Griswold reported that this unauthorized person then released the passwords for the underlying voting machine software online. — Read the rest

Source: https://boingboing.net/2021/08/29/colorado-voting-machines-banned-after-conspiracy-theorist-county-clerk-let-unauthorized-person-in-during-upgrades-who-then-published-their-passwords.html?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=colorado-voting-machines-banned-after-conspiracy-theorist-county-clerk-let-unauthorized-person-in-during-upgrades-who-then-published-their-passwords
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Rob Beschizza

Crypto lobbyists face defeat with House set to block tax rule changes

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House Democrats on Tuesday were poised to block attempts to scale back digital currency tax rules tucked into President Joe Biden’s infrastructure plan, in a new setback for crypto industry advocates fighting the proposal.

The House Rules Committee, which drafts the terms of debate for bills headed to the floor, agreed to a process that would prohibit any amendments from being considered for the infrastructure bill. The full House was scheduled to vote to lock in the procedure Tuesday afternoon. The plan would also set up a floor vote on the infrastructure package by Sept. 27.

The House was set to close the door to infrastructure bill changes despite calls from Democrats and Republicans to pare back the cryptocurrency tax proposal that the Senate passed as part of the legislation earlier this month.

At issue in the fight are proposed requirements that would force cryptocurrency exchanges and other firms to report transaction information to the Internal Revenue Service, similar to rules in place for stock brokers. As drafted, industry lobbyists and sympathetic lawmakers say the plan threatens technological innovation and the viability of a growing sector of the U.S. economy.

Crypto industry groups are now considering other legislative vehicles to revise the policy, after being blindsided by its inclusion in the infrastructure bill. One possibility is Democrats’ $3.5 trillion budget package, said Michelle Bond, CEO of the Association for Digital Asset Markets.

“The industry’s biggest test will lie in efforts to forge positive relationships in Washington,” Bond said.

Source: https://www.politico.com/news/2021/08/24/crypto-lobbyists-house-tax-rule-infrastructure-506756
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Kellie Mejdrich

YouTube says content policing is good for business

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While critics allege YouTube puts profits over public safety, product head Neal Mohan insists that the Google-owned video site is working to be a better content moderator, in part because it is good for business.

Why it matters: Users spend billions of hours watching videos on YouTube, and the site’s content recommendations shape how that time is spent. Facebook and Twitter tend to get more attention on content moderation, but YouTube remains an equally important information battleground.


Driving the news: YouTube is announcing Monday that it now has two million people in its programs that enable creators to get paid. Mohan said a huge part of his focus is trying to find ways to make sure those who play by the rules are rewarded.

  • “99.9% of creators are looking to do the right thing,” Mohan told Axios, noting that YouTube has paid out $30 billion over the last three years.
  • In addition to the 14-year-old program that shares ad money for popular videos, YouTube has also added ways for creators to sell merchandise or be directly compensated by users.

Between the lines: YouTube still faces challenges in making sure it is the creators “doing the right thing” who are benefiting the most, rather than spreaders of viral misinformation.

  • It’s not just those getting paid by Google who can benefit from gaming the system. Creators with a large enough following can make money indirectly even if they’ve been “demonetized” — removed from YouTube’s own payment programs.
  • In the “vast, vast majority of cases that’s a good thing,” Mohan said, though he acknowledges that it does create opportunities for some creators to profit from borderline content that doesn’t meet YouTube’s bar.

The big picture: On one of the biggest topics at the moment, COVID-19 misinformation, Mohan pointed to both the work that the company has done to enforce its policies and collaborations between creators and health authorities, as well as the dedicated spots YouTube has set aside for authoritative information.

  • “I hope that we are perceived as ultimately a positive voice here,” Mohan said.
  • Critics, though, point to a vast array of videos that have promoted hesitancy around masks and vaccines. Some were eventually taken down, others have been allowed to remain on the site.
  • Mohan noted that the landscape is ever-changing and the company’s work around COVID-19 misinformation is ongoing.
  • “The work is never done,” Mohan said. “I have learned that there is always a new vector of misinformation that will pop up.”

By the numbers: YouTube has recently started sharing the rate of policy-violating content that is being shown to visitors. Tech companies and critics agree that this is a more important metric than the total amount of content being removed.

  • As of the fourth quarter, YouTube said that rate was 0.16–0.18%, meaning that out of every 10,000 views on YouTube, only 16–18 come from rule-violating content.

Meanwhile: Mohan said he continues to put a lot of effort into YouTube Shorts, which he says is more than just a TikTok competitor.

  • Mohan notes that he is trying to add features that take advantage of YouTube’s existing strengths, including making it easy for creators to create short remixes of existing YouTube videos.
  • “You should look for more of those,” Mohan said.

Source: https://www.axios.com/youtube-mohan-content-policing-good-for-business-97a87848-4b71-4fa4-a6b0-963c5b027d48.html
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Ina Fried

No EV tax credit if you earn more than $100,000, says US Senate

Sen. Mark Kelly (D-Ariz.) departs the US Capitol at dawn after an overnight session of the US Senate on August 11, 2021, in Washington, DC. Sen. Kelly was one of three Democratic Senators who voted to gut the plug-in vehicle tax credit.

Enlarge / Sen. Mark Kelly (D-Ariz.) departs the US Capitol at dawn after an overnight session of the US Senate on August 11, 2021, in Washington, DC. Sen. Kelly was one of three Democratic Senators who voted to gut the plug-in vehicle tax credit. (credit: Win McNamee/Getty Images)

On Tuesday night, the US Senate passed an amendment that would limit the plug-in vehicle federal tax credit. Currently, tax payers are eligible for a tax credit of up to $7,500 based on the size of the vehicle’s battery for the first 200,000 plug-in vehicles from a given automaker. But Republican Senator Deb Fischer of Nebraska introduced a non-binding amendment to the $3.5 trillion budget bill that would means-test this tax credit, restricting it to tax payers with incomes below $100,000.

Perhaps more significantly, Sen. Fischer’s amendment also restricts the tax credit to EVs that cost less than $40,000. Consequently, the only battery EVs that will still be eligible for the tax credit will be the Hyundai Ioniq Electric ($34,250), Hyundai Kona EV ($38,565), Mini Cooper SE ($30,750), and the Nissan Leaf S Plus ($39,220). Chevrolet’s Bolt EV and Bolt EUV are both below the price threshold, but in 2019 the automaker sold its 200,000th plug-in vehicle, at which point the tax credit began to phase out.

The amendment passed, 51-48. Senator Fischer took to Twitter to say that “everyday Americans are living paycheck to paycheck because of the sharp rise in costs due to #Bideninflation. We shouldn’t be subsidizing luxury vehicles for the rich using money from hard-working taxpayers.” (Inflation is mostly being driven by high prices for used cars, which in turn is a result of the chip shortage.)

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Source: https://arstechnica.com/cars/2021/08/senate-votes-to-restrict-ev-tax-credits-despite-climate-crisis/
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Jonathan M. Gitlin

YouTube bans Senator Rand Paul for a week after he posts that cloth masks “don’t work”

Republican Senator Rand Paul’s YouTube account flatlined last night, and this morning it emerged he’d been handed a weeklong ban after posting Covid misinformation there: a claim that cloth masks are ineffective at preventing transmission of the virus.

A spokesman for YouTube told the Times that the video violated company policy on Covid-19 misinformation, which includes “claims that wearing a mask is dangerous or causes negative physical health effects” or that masks don’t play a role in preventing the contraction or transmission of COVID-19.

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Source: https://boingboing.net/2021/08/11/youtube-bans-senator-rand-paul-for-a-week-after-he-posts-that-cloth-masks-dont-work.html?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=youtube-bans-senator-rand-paul-for-a-week-after-he-posts-that-cloth-masks-dont-work
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Rob Beschizza

President Biden wants half of new vehicles to be zero-emissions by 2030

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President Biden is throwing more of his weight behind electric cars. Biden is signing an Executive Order that sets a target for half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 to have some form of zero-emissions driving, whether it’s a pure EV, plug-in hybrid or hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. The move is meant to not only promote clean transportation and limit climate change, but help the US “outcompete” a Chinese car industry that’s quickly shifting toward electrified vehicles.

In sync with the order, the EPA and NHTSA will outline how they plan to undo the Trump administration’s rollbacks of emissions and fuel efficiency standards. The two agencies will collaborate using standards built on the “momentum” from an agreement between California and automakers BMW, Ford, Honda, Volvo and VW. The EPA’s proposed rules would take effect in the 2023 model year, while the NHTSA’s would arrive in the 2024 model year. The team-up would have the standards mesh until model year 2026.

The Biden administration has rallied support from domestic brands for the effort. Ford, GM and Stellantis have declared a “shared aspiration” to meet the 2030 target and otherwise support Biden’s vehicle electrification policies.

It’s a significant goal. EVs have represented about 2 percent of US car sales for the past three years, according to the International Energy Agency and Pew Research. While the pandemic might have played a role in limiting 2020 sales, meeting the 2030 target would fundamentally transform the US car market, not to mention the charging infrastructure needed to support it.

However, it might drag behind some states, not to mention car makers. California and Massachusetts will ban all sales of new gas-based cars by 2035. GM also plans to exclusively sell EVs by that year, while Ford will go completely electric in Europe by 2030. Brands like Volvo and Stellantis’ Fiat badge have also committed to full electrification by 2030. However ambitious the Biden plan might be, it could seem relatively modest in some respects.

Source: https://www.engadget.com/president-biden-2030-ev-target-134025373.html?src=rss
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The Article Was Written/Published By: Jon Fingas

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